Wednesday, 8 May 2013

Future Infrastructure Management Solutions-Dissertation Topic

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The understanding and ‘must-have-ness’ of enterprise management is not quite there yet.

It is clear that companies understand the importance of traditional systems management, but there is someway to go before companies appreciate the potential advantages of being able to manage the business as a whole.

Management solutions can provide greater visibility into day-to-day operations and provide the ability to detect and fix problems in a time and cost efficient manner.

Traditional face of infrastructure management

Three areas are central to infrastructure management technology: applications management, systems management and network management.

 Enterprise IT managers aim to decrease the problems and difficulties associated with managing their existing IT infrastructures, while focusing on technologies that help to reduce costs or drive revenues.

The continued trend towards the outsourcing of enterprise IT functions is significantly impacting the infrastructure management market.
With IT becoming increasingly central and mission-critical to the operation of many enterprises, vendors have been forced to evolve their infrastructure management solutions from being purely technology-centric to become increasingly focused on business services.

New areas of focus are increasingly becoming central to infrastructure management to the extent that their incorporation into solutions is serving to redefine the term to include business service management and  security information management.

Network management

The demands placed on businesses’ networks have never been greater.

Network management solutions ensure the effective operation of both wide area networks (WANs) and local area networks (LANs), involving the management of elements of the network infrastructure such as hubs, switches, routers and bridges.

Many vendors have added to their network management functionality with tracking, customer access, database collection, staff management and project management to name a few.
Increasingly, network management software deals less with monitoring alone and takes a more active role within the network and managing the service level agreement.

The trend for organizations to outsource elements of their network to a third party has become increasingly accepted.

The managed network services sector is highly competitive, with telecoms companies vying with systems integrators and equipment manufacturers for a share of the spoils.

Efficiency and cost containment of the IT infrastructure have influenced the development of the networking market, particularly in sectors such as financial services.

Systems management

 Systems management products enable IT managers to establish whether their servers and systems are running effectively and they they are not showing any degradation in performance.

After a brief respite, the systems management market has returned to its normal state of frantic merger and acquisition activity.

The systems and network management software vendors are pitching the idea of self-configuring,
self-managing and self-healing, or autonomic systems and networks as a key foundation to utility computing.

The most likely development of the disaster recovery and business continuity will be a continued increase in awareness for the need to protect the business and not only for protection against large scale disasters, but also to ensure the overall robustness of the business.

Application management
Just because the server and network are up, it does not mean that it is safe to assume the application is performing as well as it should.

Application management solutions measure the response times and performance of enterprise applications.

Most third-party packages and applications require some form of management to keep them running smoothly and a small number actually come with their own management environments.

Management tasks need to be carried out at all levels within the application lifecycle.

The solution to the current disproportionate focus on pre-deployment rather than post-deployment of applications is to reorganise the IT department and re-allocate budgets to enable IT to be more responsive to user performance and business process requirements.

Testing software is not new, but its role in helping to boost software quality is more vital than ever.

Security management
There are marked synergies between security management solutions and traditional infrastructure management solutions and a combination of supplier push and customer pull means that over time there will be increasing integration between the two.

One way that vendors have sought to increase the penetration and the number of deployments for their technologies within a single customer has been to push the layered security model.

So far the number of organizations deploying a truly layered security architecture is relatively small, but the model is gaining acceptance, particularly in the anti-virus space.

Security information management has become one of THE hot topics in the enterprise IT security space.
Security, in relation to business continuity, centers on preventive measures designed to protect that system to avoid it failing in the first place.

The moves by most of the major vendors to fill gaps in their portfolio suggest that many are banking on the developing security models as a means of increasing revenues in their non-core areas.

Partnerships are an important step in taking the market forward and ensuring that interoperability is developed and maintained.

Security information management

A new breed of solutions has emerged, called ‘security information management’ technology, which provide a holistic view of the real and potential threats an enterprise may encounter.

The SIM model builds on the layered security concept and is designed to bring the individual capabilities of different security products together to offer a solution that covers as many bases as possible.

The heterogeneity of a security information management solution is one of the main differentiators used by vendors in positioning their products.

Effective security information management solutions must also incorporate vulnerability assessment and patch management tools.

The SIM market is still relatively immature and there are a number of obstacles that vendors must overcome first including the lack of common standards, the need for integration help and the lack of integration with existing systems management solutions.

The financial services sector is the most important individual market for SIM solutions in terms of revenues, accounting for almost 30% of the market.

One means by which companies are likely to compete in the future is through features, and one way that vendors can achieve this is by partnering with as many security solution providers as possible.

Another potential future scenario for security management tools is the merging of the various subsets of this market.
Business service management
 The creation and subsequent growth in Business service management (BSM) triggered a change in emphasis from the business being constricted by the IT that it owns, to initiatives and concepts that focus on IT being a ‘subservient enabler’ of business requirements.

 At its simplest level BSM enables business leaders to better understand the management of their IT infrastructure and correlate its performance to business processes and internal service levels.

A BSM solution requires integration, portal, BI/BAM, BPM, content management and some systems management technologies.

One of the key stepping-stones towards BSM is IT service management (ITSM).

Infrastructure outsourcing

Organisations are beginning to understand and realise the cost and administration benefits of outsourcing key elements of their business.
Outsourcing in the future might become an inevitable feature within the running of an organisation’s IT function, for example, as part of utility computing initiatives.
 Infrastructure outsourcing encapsulates outsourcing of desktop, network and data centers.
The desktop outsourcing market is one of the most commoditized outsourcing markets, with a significant number of vendors competing for business.
The network management market has become very competitive, with the key motivator for outsourcing being cost reduction.
A key trend in the infrastructure outsourcing market will be increasing convergence between desktop and network outsourcing.
The data center market is different from other infrastructure outsourcing markets in that it is perceived as risk laden to outsource, yet it is the largest market segment.

Like companies in other sectors, FSIs see reliability, security, and cost reduction as the primary issues they are dealing with in their infrastructure plan.
The infrastructure outsourcing market represents a tremendous opportunity for vendors.

The vendor landscape

The arrival of new management solutions, such as BSM and security information management, will change the market along two lines: through changes to vendors’ product positioning and in the form of product and vendor consolidation.

Consolidation is of most interest with regard to the synergies between traditional infrastructure management and security management.

With traditional revenue streams being squeezed due to a combination of falling technology costs and increasing levels of competition, a broad range of providers –ranging from service providers to equipment vendors – are targeting the services arena in order to boost income and supplement their product and service portfolios.

While partnerships are needed for specific contracts, there is also a growing trend towards developing strategic relationships in order to increase service portfolio breadth and coverage.
Telcos are fast emerging as the most important players in the European network services and solutions market.

Equipment providers increasingly, have to steer away from traditional business models, and focus instead on developing a comprehensive set of network-based products and/or customized products for the managed services sector.

The security information management software market is a rich mix of different vendors with different approaches and backgrounds.

Source-Future Infrastructure Management Solutions- Consolidation and new market dynamics-By Victoria Furness

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Project Report on Cement Industry in India-Finance Topic

Finance Project Report on Cement Industry in India

Dissertation Topic on Cement Industry in India

Thesis, Research Proposals, Research Papers, Case Studies and MBA Synopsis on Cement Industry in India

Cement sector has witnessed an impressive run over the past few years, with an improvement seen across key operational parameters such as operating rates, prices and profitability. Housing sector is the single largest consumer of cement in India. Over the last 5 years, India has witnessed a real estate boom, especially in the metros and tier I cities. This has been the primary driver for cement demand, which has grown at a healthy CAGR of 9.3 per cent over the past 5 years.

Going forward, CRISIL Research expects cement demand growth from housing segment to slow down. However, this will be offset to an extent by an increase in cement consumption from the infrastructure sector. In addition, an increase in independent housing projects in semi-urban and rural areas will provide support to cement demand. As a result, we expect cement demand to register a CAGR of 7.8 per cent over the next 5 years. 

Within infrastructure, we believe that road projects will be a key driver for cement demand. Cement consumption in road projects will grow significantly on account of an increase in expenditure on road projects as well as an increase in cement intensity for the construction of roads. Increase in use of paver blocks, construction of flyovers and bridges, and increasing proportion of concrete roads as compared to bituminous roads will lead to an increase in cement intensity in roads construction.

While cement demand growth is expected to slow down marginally, we expect significant capacity additions in future (around 90 million tonnes of cement capacity to be added over the next 5 years). Majority of the capacity additions are expected in south India (around 45 per cent of total capacity additions). Unlike previous capex cycles where a number of new companies set up cement capacities, this time around majority of the capacity additions will be by existing cement players.

Due to significant capacity additions over the next 2 years, we expect cement operating rates to fall form 88 per cent in 2008-09 and bottom out at 77 per cent in 2010-11 before recovering to 87 per cent 2013-14. In terms of regions, south and east will face the maximum decline in operating rates; they are expected fall below 75 per cent. For the other regions - north, west and central, the decline in operating rates will be lower.

Due to a fall in operating rates, we expect cement prices to fall by around 5 per cent in 2009-10 and 8 per cent in 2010-11. As a result, player profitability will be negatively impacted and we expect a 50-100 bps dip in operating margins in 2009-10 and 500-700 bps dip in 2010-11. A decline in power & fuel and freight cost will help arrest a decline in operating profits in 2009-10 to an extent. 

Going forward, cement consumption in road projects will increase significantly on account of:
·         Increasing spends on roads projects due to greater private sector participation on account of build-operate-transfer (BOT) projects.
·         Increased cement intensity in construction of roads due to the following factors:
-          Increase in proportion of concrete roads compared to bituminous roads.
-          Use of paver blocks and concrete tiles
-          Construction of flyovers

As a result, we expect the share of roads in infrastructure demand to increase from 31 per cent over the past 5 years to 35 per cent over the next 5 years.

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Recruitment and Work Practices in ICICI Bank-Project Report

Project Report on Recruitment and Work Practices in ICICI Bank Limtied

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ICICI Bank is diversified financial services company that provides a range of banking and financial services to customers, including retail banking, project and corporate finance, working capital finance, insurance, venture capital and private equity, investment banking, broking, and treasury products and services. The company operates in, India, the UK, Canada and Russia. It operates in three segments: consumer and commercial banking, investment banking and others.

The company recorded revenues of INR257.6 billion (approximately $5.8 billion) during the fiscal year ended March 2006, an increase of 52.2% over 2005. The net profit was INR24.2 billion (approximately $0.5 billion) in fiscal year 2006, an increase of 30.7% over 2005.

The consumer and commercial banking segment provides medium-term and long-term project and infrastructure financing, securitization, factoring, lease financing, working capital finance and foreign exchange services. Additionally it provides deposit and loan products to retail customers, private banking, distribution of third party investment products and other fee-based products and services, as well as issuance of unsecured redeemable bonds. This division's products for middle market companies and small and medium enterprises include loan products, fee and commission-based products and services, deposits and foreign exchange, and derivatives products. This division also offers agricultural and rural banking products.

The investment banking division provides treasury services including corporate advisory services, primary dealership in government securities and equity underwriting and brokerage. These services are provided by its subsidiary, ICICI Securities. This division also provides venture capital funding to start-up companies and private equity to a range of companies through its venture capital and private equity fund management subsidiary ICICI Venture Funds Management Company. Additionally, treasury services are provided in Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, Bahrain, Singapore through the offshore banking unit (a business unit) in Mumbai.

The other division consists of the following a range of financial services provided by ICICI: general insurance, life insurance, asset management, trust services and property through partnerships. The division also includes prominent joint ventures and partnerships include ICICI Lombard General Insurance Company, ICICI Prudential Life Insurance Company, Prudential ICICI Asset Management Company, Prudential ICICI Trust, ICICI Property Trust, ICICI Investment Management Company, ICICI Trusteeship Services, TCW/ICICI Investment Partners and TSI Ventures (India).

Key Metrics

The company recorded revenues of INR257.6 billion (approximately $5.8 billion) during the fiscal year ended March 2006, an increase of 52.2% over 2005. The net profit was INR24.2 billion (approximately $0.5 billion) in fiscal year 2006, an increase of 30.7% over 2005.

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Quality Management in Hotel Industry in India-Dissertation

Project Report on Quality Management in Hotel Industry in India

Dissertation on Quality Management in Hotel Industry in India

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Company Profile -Choice Hotels International

Choice Hotels International (Choice) is a hotel franchiser. The company operates more than 5,600 hotels, representing more than 455,000 rooms, in the US and more than 38 countries and territories.
The company franchises lodging properties under a number of proprietary brand names, including: Cambria Suites, Comfort Inn, Comfort Suites, Quality, Clarion, Sleep  Inn,  Econo  Lodge,  Rodeway Inn,  MainStay Suites  and  Flag  Hotels.  The company's franchises offer mid-priced, all-suite hotels and rooms designed for senior travelers. Real-time bookings for suites can be made via the Internet, as well as telephone bookings.
The hotels offer three levels of service: full-service hotels, which offer food and beverage services, meeting rooms, room service and similar guest services; limited- service hotels, which offer amenities such as swimming pools, continental breakfast, or similar services; and all-suites hotels, which usually have limited public areas, but offer guests two rooms or one room with distinct areas, and which may or may not offer food and beverage services.

The company conducts its international franchise operations through a combination of direct franchising and master franchising, which allow the use of its brands by third parties in foreign countries. The company operates in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Lithuania through the company's relationship with Choice Hotels Scandinavia (CHS) and as of December 2006, CHS had 145 open properties.

The company operates in Austria, Germany, Italy, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Portugal and Spain through a master franchise agreement between Choice and Choice Hotels Europe (CHE).

Company Profile-Marriott
Marriott is a worldwide operator and franchiser of hotels and related lodging facilities. It has more than 2,900 lodging properties in the US and 68 other countries and territories. In the lodging business, the company develops, operates, and franchises hotels and corporate housing properties under 19 separate brands.

It operates its timeshare properties under four separate brands. The company operated or franchised 2,741 lodging properties worldwide, with 513,832 rooms as of fiscal 2006. These include 2,447 properties in the Americas, 26 in the Middle East and Africa, 79 in Asia, 105 in Europe, and 76 in the UK. In addition, it provides 1,850 furnished corporate housing rental units.

The company's operations are grouped into six business divisions: North American full-service lodging, North American limited-service lodging, timeshare, luxury lodging, international lodging, and synthetic fuel.

Marriot's North American full-service lodging brands are Marriott Hotels & Resorts, Marriott Conference Centers, JW Marriott Hotels & Resorts, The Ritz-Carlton, Renaissance Hotels & Resorts, and Bulgari Hotels & Resorts. Marriott Hotels & Resorts (including JW Marriott Hotels & Resorts and Marriott Conference Centers) is the company's global flagship brand, primarily serving business and leisure travelers and meeting groups at locations in downtown, urban, and suburban areas near airports and at resort locations.

Most of Marriott's full-service hotels provide internet access, swimming pools, gift shops, convention and banquet facilities, and restaurants. Many Marriott resort hotels have additional recreational and entertainment facilities such as tennis courts, golf courses, additional restaurants and lounges, and spa facilities.

 Source -India - Hotels & Motels © Datamonitor (Published December 2008)                                                                                        

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